Drug addiction treatment is a long and gradual process that takes commitment and external support. Treatment often begins with a detoxification stage, followed by drug rehab, relapse prevention, and aftercare support systems. This process can be applied to a wide range of substance use disorders, including prescription drug problems and illicit drug problems. Drug rehab in Orangetown forms the basis of most treatment regimes, including long-term medication treatment if needed and comprehensive psychotherapeutic support. Typical treatment programs applied during rehab include art therapy, music therapy, counseling, family therapy, motivational enhancement therapy, and contingency management. These programs are normally based on behavioral and cognitive principles, with some programs also using motivational techniques to change negative behavior patterns.
What is Drug Addiction?
In the context of drug treatment, an addiction is defined by the compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli despite the existence of negative consequences. People get addicted to a wide array of dangerous substances, including legal drugs like alcohol, prescription medications like Oxycontin and Valium, and illicit street drugs such as marijuana and cocaine. Addictive substances are both intrinsically rewarding and positively reinforcing, meaning that people seek repeated exposure due to the perceived benefits of consumption. This addictive relationship can also exist with certain behaviors, including sex, exercise, gambling, and food. Drug addiction is closely related to the concept of dependence, a state recognized by tolerance and the existence of withdrawal symptoms when drug use is discontinued. Some psychoactive substances cause physical-somatic withdrawal symptoms when drug use is stopped, with others causing emotional-motivational withdrawal symptoms.
Physical vs. Psychological Dependence
In order to access professional drug treatment, it's important to understand the difference between physical and mental drug dependence. Different treatment methods are used to treat these complex conditions, with physical dependence causing specific physical-somatic withdrawal symptoms and mental dependence causing an emotional and motivational withdrawal response. While physical dependence generally includes psychological symptoms, the opposite is not necessarily the case. Most drugs that cause physical dependence are central nervous system (CNS) depressants, including alcohol, heroin, prescription opioids such as oxycodone and fentanyl, and prescription sedatives such as Librium and Xanax. Other than marijuana, drugs that cause psychological dependence are normally CNS stimulants, including cocaine, amphetamine, methamphetamine, and prescription drugs such as Concerta and Ritalin. While physical drug dependence often requires extensive medication treatment, mental dependence may be treated through psychotherapy measures alone.
Inpatient vs. Outpatient Rehab
The drug rehab process differs widely depending on the substance and extent of addiction, with the operational philosophy of each treatment center also influencing treatment access. Rehab programs are often available on an inpatient or outpatient basis, either involving a live-in arrangement or allowing the client to live at their usual domestic address. Residential programs include residential hospitalization and inpatient rehab and typically involve around-the-clock access to medication and medical support. Outpatient programs provide a less comprehensive solution, with patients living at home and attending periodic treatment sessions between one and five days each week. Aftercare support systems and relapse prevention programs are typically applied after the completion of drug rehab, either through commercial treatment centers or non-profit organizations. If you need to access professional help for any kind of drug or alcohol problem, Orangetown Drug Treatment Centers can help. Just give us a call today.