Prescription Drug Rehab and Addiction in Orangetown, NY
People abuse a wide range of psychoactive substances, including legal drugs like alcohol, prescription medications, and illicit street drugs. While illegal drugs such as heroin and meth get the vast majority of media attention, prescription drug abuse is a very real and growing problem in Orangetown and across the United States. Prescription drug abuse concerns three main classes of drugs: opioid painkillers, benzodiazepine sedatives, and stimulants.
Opioids and sedatives are central nervous system (CNS) depressants, with these drugs associated with physical dependence and the existence of physical-somatic withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of use. Prescription drug abuse can be treated in many ways, with the substance and extent of abuse greatly influencing treatment methods along with the operational philosophy of the treatment facility in question.
How are Prescription Drugs Abused?
Prescription medications are abused whenever they are taken in a different way than intended by a medical professional. There are many ways to misuse or overuse prescription drugs, including using larger doses than prescribed, combining medications in a dangerous way, using medications intended for someone else, and buying prescription drugs on the street without appropriate safety checks.
People who abuse prescription drugs obtain them in many ways, either directly through the medical system or on the black market from drug dealers. Prescription opioids are often sold as an alternative to heroin or combined with heroin as a replacement substance. Prescription stimulants may also be sold as an alternative to illegal methamphetamine and amphetamine drugs in some situations. The abuse of prescription opioids is a particularly big problem in the United States, with drugs like fentanyl and oxycodone responsible for more drug-induced fatalities than any other drug class.
Opioid Abuse and Treatment
Opioids, also known incorrectly as opiates, include the three naturally occurring opium alkaloids and the semi-synthetic drugs make from these alkaloids. Opioids include some of the most widely prescribed drugs in the world, with substances like morphine and codeine taken for acute and chronic pain conditions on a regular basis. The three opium alkaloids are codeine, morphine, and thebaine; with other opioid substances including oxycodone, oxymorphone, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, fentanyl, methadone and many others. Opioid drugs are associated with a physical-somatic withdrawal syndrome, with additional opioid medications often used to help alleviate withdrawal symptoms prior to rehab. Methadone and buprenorphine are often prescribed for this purpose, with these drugs sometimes taken on a long-term basis under the context of opioid replacement therapy.
Sedative Abuse and Treatment
Sedatives are also known as tranquilizers or central nervous system (CNS) depressants depending on the context. While barbiturate drugs were often abused in decades past, most sedative abuse in the 21st century involves benzodiazepine medications such as Valium, Klonopin, Xanax, Librium, Serax and many others. Much like opioids, sedatives are known to produce physical withdrawal symptoms when intake is stopped, with additional medications often used to help manage the detox process.
Long half-life benzos are often prescribed in this context, with a gradual dose reduction of these drugs applied over a period of weeks or months. Psychotherapy support sessions also play an important role in sedative treatment programs, including cognitive behavioral therapy, family therapy, motivational interviewing, and group counseling. if you know anyone who is dealing with prescription drug problems, Orangetown Drug Treatment Centers can help. Just give our caring recovery advocates a call today.